Tensorflow实现回归和聚类

tensorflow实现线性回归

'''
A linear regression learning algorithm example using TensorFlow library.

Author: Aymeric Damien
Project: https://github.com/aymericdamien/TensorFlow-Examples/
'''

from __future__ import print_function

import tensorflow as tf
import numpy
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
rng = numpy.random

# Parameters
learning_rate = 0.01
training_epochs = 1000
display_step = 50

# Training Data
train_X = numpy.asarray([3.3,4.4,5.5,6.71,6.93,4.168,9.779,6.182,7.59,2.167,
                         7.042,10.791,5.313,7.997,5.654,9.27,3.1])
train_Y = numpy.asarray([1.7,2.76,2.09,3.19,1.694,1.573,3.366,2.596,2.53,1.221,
                         2.827,3.465,1.65,2.904,2.42,2.94,1.3])
n_samples = train_X.shape[0]

# tf Graph Input
X = tf.placeholder("float")
Y = tf.placeholder("float")

# Set model weights
W = tf.Variable(rng.randn(), name="weight")
b = tf.Variable(rng.randn(), name="bias")

# Construct a linear model
pred = tf.add(tf.multiply(X, W), b)

# Mean squared error
cost = tf.reduce_sum(tf.pow(pred-Y, 2))/(2*n_samples)
# Gradient descent
#  Note, minimize() knows to modify W and b because Variable objects are trainable=True by default
optimizer = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate).minimize(cost)

# Initializing the variables
init = tf.global_variables_initializer()

# Launch the graph
with tf.Session() as sess:
    sess.run(init)

    # Fit all training data
    for epoch in range(training_epochs):
        for (x, y) in zip(train_X, train_Y):
            sess.run(optimizer, feed_dict={X: x, Y: y})

        # Display logs per epoch step
        if (epoch+1) % display_step == 0:
            c = sess.run(cost, feed_dict={X: train_X, Y:train_Y})
            print("Epoch:", '%04d' % (epoch+1), "cost=", "{:.9f}".format(c), \
                "W=", sess.run(W), "b=", sess.run(b))

    print("Optimization Finished!")
    training_cost = sess.run(cost, feed_dict={X: train_X, Y: train_Y})
    print("Training cost=", training_cost, "W=", sess.run(W), "b=", sess.run(b), '\n')

    # Graphic display
    plt.plot(train_X, train_Y, 'ro', label='Original data')
    plt.plot(train_X, sess.run(W) * train_X + sess.run(b), label='Fitted line')
    plt.legend()
    plt.show()

    # Testing example, as requested (Issue #2)
    test_X = numpy.asarray([6.83, 4.668, 8.9, 7.91, 5.7, 8.7, 3.1, 2.1])
    test_Y = numpy.asarray([1.84, 2.273, 3.2, 2.831, 2.92, 3.24, 1.35, 1.03])

    print("Testing... (Mean square loss Comparison)")
    testing_cost = sess.run(
        tf.reduce_sum(tf.pow(pred - Y, 2)) / (2 * test_X.shape[0]),
        feed_dict={X: test_X, Y: test_Y})  # same function as cost above
    print("Testing cost=", testing_cost)
    print("Absolute mean square loss difference:", abs(
        training_cost - testing_cost))

    plt.plot(test_X, test_Y, 'bo', label='Testing data')
    plt.plot(train_X, sess.run(W) * train_X + sess.run(b), label='Fitted line')
    plt.legend()
    plt.show()

tensorflow实现逻辑回归

'''
A logistic regression learning algorithm example using TensorFlow library.
This example is using the MNIST database of handwritten digits
(http://yann.lecun.com/exdb/mnist/)

Author: Aymeric Damien
Project: https://github.com/aymericdamien/TensorFlow-Examples/
'''

from __future__ import print_function

import tensorflow as tf

# Import MNIST data
from tensorflow.examples.tutorials.mnist import input_data
mnist = input_data.read_data_sets("/tmp/data/", one_hot=True)

# Parameters
learning_rate = 0.01
training_epochs = 25
batch_size = 100
display_step = 1

# tf Graph Input
x = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, 784]) # mnist data image of shape 28*28=784
y = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, 10]) # 0-9 digits recognition => 10 classes

# Set model weights
W = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([784, 10]))
b = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([10]))

# Construct model
pred = tf.nn.softmax(tf.matmul(x, W) + b) # Softmax

# Minimize error using cross entropy
cost = tf.reduce_mean(-tf.reduce_sum(y*tf.log(pred), reduction_indices=1))
# Gradient Descent
optimizer = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(learning_rate).minimize(cost)

# Initializing the variables
init = tf.global_variables_initializer()

# Launch the graph
with tf.Session() as sess:
    sess.run(init)

    # Training cycle
    for epoch in range(training_epochs):
        avg_cost = 0.
        total_batch = int(mnist.train.num_examples/batch_size)
        # Loop over all batches
        for i in range(total_batch):
            batch_xs, batch_ys = mnist.train.next_batch(batch_size)
            # Run optimization op (backprop) and cost op (to get loss value)
            _, c = sess.run([optimizer, cost], feed_dict={x: batch_xs,
                                                          y: batch_ys})
            # Compute average loss
            avg_cost += c / total_batch
        # Display logs per epoch step
        if (epoch+1) % display_step == 0:
            print("Epoch:", '%04d' % (epoch+1), "cost=", "{:.9f}".format(avg_cost))

    print("Optimization Finished!")

    # Test model
    correct_prediction = tf.equal(tf.argmax(pred, 1), tf.argmax(y, 1))
    # Calculate accuracy
    accuracy = tf.reduce_mean(tf.cast(correct_prediction, tf.float32))
    print("Accuracy:", accuracy.eval({x: mnist.test.images, y: mnist.test.labels}))

tensorflow实现K-近邻

'''
A nearest neighbor learning algorithm example using TensorFlow library.
This example is using the MNIST database of handwritten digits
(http://yann.lecun.com/exdb/mnist/)

Author: Aymeric Damien
Project: https://github.com/aymericdamien/TensorFlow-Examples/
'''

from __future__ import print_function

import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf

# Import MNIST data
from tensorflow.examples.tutorials.mnist import input_data
mnist = input_data.read_data_sets("/tmp/data/", one_hot=True)

# In this example, we limit mnist data
Xtr, Ytr = mnist.train.next_batch(5000) #5000 for training (nn candidates)
Xte, Yte = mnist.test.next_batch(200) #200 for testing

# tf Graph Input
xtr = tf.placeholder("float", [None, 784])
xte = tf.placeholder("float", [784])

# Nearest Neighbor calculation using L1 Distance
# Calculate L1 Distance
distance = tf.reduce_sum(tf.abs(tf.add(xtr, tf.negative(xte))), reduction_indices=1)
# Prediction: Get min distance index (Nearest neighbor)
pred = tf.arg_min(distance, 0)

accuracy = 0.

# Initializing the variables
init = tf.global_variables_initializer()

# Launch the graph
with tf.Session() as sess:
    sess.run(init)

    # loop over test data
    for i in range(len(Xte)):
        # Get nearest neighbor
        nn_index = sess.run(pred, feed_dict={xtr: Xtr, xte: Xte[i, :]})
        # Get nearest neighbor class label and compare it to its true label
        print("Test", i, "Prediction:", np.argmax(Ytr[nn_index]), \
            "True Class:", np.argmax(Yte[i]))
        # Calculate accuracy
        if np.argmax(Ytr[nn_index]) == np.argmax(Yte[i]):
            accuracy += 1./len(Xte)
    print("Done!")
    print("Accuracy:", accuracy)

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